Bibliography and Credits

Selected Bibliography

Aries, Philippe. Centuries of Childhood: A Social History of Family Life. Translated by Robert Baldick. New York: Vintage, 1962.

Ballon, Hillary and Kenneth T. Jackson, editors. Robert Moses and the Modern City. New York: Norton, 2007.

Blackmar, Elizabeth and Roy Rosenzwieg. The Park and the People. New York: Henry Holt, 1992.

Board of Commissioners of Central Park. Annual Reports. 1851–1872.

Brett, Arlene, Robin C. Moore, and Eugene Provenzo. The Complete Playground Book. Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press, 1993.

Central Park Conservancy, Rebuilding Central Park: A Management and Restoration Plan. New York: Central Park Conservancy, 1985.

Chudacoff, Howard. Children at Play: An American History. New York: New York University Press, 2007.

City of New York. PLANYC Update 2011. City of New York, 2011.

Cook, Clarence. A Description of the New York Central Park. New York: Benjamin Bloom, 1869.

Dattner, Richard. Design for Play. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1969.

Department of Public Parks, 30 Years of Progress, 1934–1964. New York: Department of Public Parks, 1964.

Design Trust for Public Space and City of New York Parks and Recreation. High Performance Landscape Guidelines/21st Century Parks For NYC. City of New York, 2010.

Forester, Francis. Little Peachblossom; or Rambles in Central Park. New York: Nelson and Phillips, 1873.

Friedberg, M. Paul. Play and Interplay. New York: Macmillan, 1970.

Friedberg, M. Paul. Handcrafted Playgrounds. New York: Random House, 1975.

Frost, Joe, Pei-San Brown, John A. Sutterby, and Candra D. Thorton. The Developmental Benefits of Playgrounds. Olney, MD: Association for Childhood Education International, 2004.

Gutman, Marta and Ning de Coninck-Smith. Designing Modern Childhoods: History, Space, and the Material Culture of Children. Rutgers, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2008.

Hart, Roger “Containing Children: Some Lessons on Planning for Play from New York City.” Environment & Urbanization 14, no. 2 (October 2002): 135–148.

Heckscher, August. Alive in the City: A Memoir of an Ex-Commissioner. New York: Scribner’s, 1974.

Huges, Fergus P. Children, Play, and Development, 4th Edition. Los Angeles: Sage Publications, 2010.

Jost, Daniel. “Resurrecting the ‘Adventure-Style’ Playground.” Landscape Architecture Magazine 100, no. 3 (March 2010): 44–63.

Ledermann, Alfred and Aflred Trachsel. Creative Playgrounds and Recreation Centers. New York: Frederick A. Praeger, Inc., 1959.

Louv, Richard. Last Child in the Woods. Chapel Hill, NC: Algonquin, 2005.

Moore, Robin C. and Herb H. Wong. Natural Learning: The Life History of an Environmental Schoolyard. Berkeley, CA: MIG Communications, 1997.

“A Ramble in Central Park.” Harper’s LIX, no. 353 (October 1897): 689–701.

Roberts, Sam. Ed. America’s Mayor: John V. Lindsay and the Reinvention of New York. New York: The Museum of the City of New York and Columbia University Press, 2010.

Solomon, Susan. American Playgrounds. Lebanon, NY: University Press of New England, 2005.

Warsh, Marie. “Cultivating Citizens: The Children’s School Farm in New York City, 1902–1931.” Buildings and Landscapes 18, 1 (Spring 2011): 64–89.

Wingate, Charles F. “Amusements at the Central Park.” Appleton’s Journal 8 (175), (August 3, 1873): 128–133.

Image Credits

All photographs by the Central Park Conservancy except for the following:

Central Park Conservancy/Sam Rohn: Overview: 360 panoramic playgrounds

Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division: History Synopsis, banner

Courtesy of the Frances Loeb Library, Graduate School of Design, Harvard University: History Timeline (1903)

Museum of the City of New York: History Timeline (1890s): Hudson Bank Playground and Gymnasium, 1898, Byron Co. Collection

Courtesy of the New York Historical Society: History Timeline (1872)

Courtesy of the New York City Parks Photo Archive: History Timeline (1858) detail of the Greensward Plan of Central Park, Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux; adopted April 28, 1858; History Timeline (1926); History Timeline (1936) & History Timeline (1966)

New York Public Library: History Timeline (1848); History Timeline (1867); History Timeline (1910s)

Private collection: History Timeline (1950s)

Project Credits

Douglas Blonsky, President, Central Park Conservancy and Central Park Administrator

Project Team:

Christopher Nolan, ASLA, VP for Planning, Design & Construction

Lane Addonizio, Associate VP for Planning

Marie Warsh, Director of Preservation Planning

Gary Dearborn, Steven Fusco, Kathleen Lessard, Heather Rubenstein, Kira Saunders, Stephen Wilkinson, Jennifer Wong, Landscape Architects

Website Design: Skeggs Design in collaboration with Union Design

Website Programming: Murphy Web Consulting

Copy Editing: Kate Papacosma

The Central Park Conservancy is grateful to Christina Benson, photo archivist for the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation, for her invaluable assistance with photo research for this project.